Stonehenge is a huge stone gravestone that is located on the northern part of Salisbury city, England.
The study represents that Stonehenge has consistently progressed over time of around 10,000 years.
It was built approximately 5,000 and 4,000 years ago and was a part of a more magnificent sacred site that incorporated the massive stone gravestone that was 15x larger than the Stonehenge.
It is generally believed that they were transported from Marlborough downs, located at a distance of 32 kilometers to the north.
There are stones known as bluestones. They are smaller and gives a bluish color when it is wet or broken.
It weighs up to 4 tons and comes from several various locations in western wale. It is still not evident as to how people during ancient times moved these stones that far.
Recent studies depict that a one-ton stone could be moved by a dozen people on a wooden roadway.
However, it isn’t sure concerning whether the builders in ancient times used this technique or not.
According to the scientists have raised the chances that in the course of last ice age glaciers brought these ‘bluestones’ close by the Stonehenge spot and the builders didn’t have to move the stones from Wales.
Another idea suggested by the researchers was of water transport, however, whether this technique was possible.
Stonehenge is only a part of a greater sacred landscape that comprise several other stone and wooden structures as well as interments.
Archaeologists have discovered proof for extensive prehistoric hunting and a road that might have directed to Stonehenge.
As per scientists what they believe is that Salisbury plain deemed to be a holy area long prior to its construction.
Hunting in this area played a significant role. Researchers have unearthed approximately 350 animal bones and 12,500 flint tools or pieces, only a mile away from Stonehenge, the remains are from 7500 BC- 4700 BC.
Tons of burial stacks found near Stonehenge signifying that dozens of people were buried there in the ancient era.
Seventeen shrines, few in a circle shape, have been found near Stonehenge, as well. A house of death was discovered recently nearby Stonehenge that dates back to 3700 BC- 3500 BC.
Roughly 5500 years ago 2 bulwarks called as Cursus monuments built there. The longest was of 3km.
Two huge eyeglass-shaped wooden posts, about 5,300 years ago, were established at Avebury, nearby Stonehenge. They put it on fire during ceremonies.
Around 5,000 years ago, more construction took place at Stonehenge with postholes representing that either bluestones or erected timber posts were upheld on the site.
After that, a double circle made using tons of bluestones was designed, around 4600 years ago.
By 4400 years ago, Stonehenge was changing again, containing a series of sarsen stones built in the shape of a horseshoe.
In addition to every pair of these massive stones, lintel stone is connecting them.
One by one, a circle of sarsens encircling this horseshoe, their tops linking to each other, giving the look of a giant intersected stone circle covering the horseshoe.
By 4300 years ago, Stonehenge developed enough to incorporate the supplement of 2 bluestone rings.
There is an intriguing connection between the former Cursus monuments and the following Stonehenge.
Archaeologists discovered that the lengthiest Cursus gravestone had two mines, one on the east the other on the west.
These mines, sequentially, line up with Stonehenge’s heel stone and ceremonial avenue.
Throughout time the construction at Stonehenge decelerated around 4000 years ago.
Gradually, the monument was neglected and abandoned, some of the stones started falling whilst others were taken away.
People who constructed Stonehenge might have lived nearby the monument at a string of houses exhumed at Durrington Walls.
Archaeologists have found evidence who resided in these houses indulged on dairy and meat products.
In 2015, an article published in the journal Antiquity, a team of archaeologists asserted that the lush diet of the people who might have constructed Stonehenge evidently depicts the abundant life they lived.
Professor Mike Pearson in news release talked about a site that it was in itself was a huge responsibility, thousands of labour moving the stones all the way from wales, sculpting them, creating them- the work itself, involving everyone to work together, would have been a work of harmony.
Stonehenge has encouraged a fair amount of scientifically sound arguments as well. Here are few theories that still exists:
Place for Healing
This theory suggests that the people of Stone Age saw the site as a healing place with healing things present in it.
Archaeologists Timothy Darvill and Geoggry Wainwright stated in 2008, that vast number of bones unearthed from Stonehenge depicted signs of injury or illness.
They also reported detecting pieces of Stonehenge bluestones; it was the first stones built here; however, it was damaged by the primitive people. Probably to use as stones for safeguarding or treatment purpose.
According to Steven Waller, a researcher in Archaeoacoustics, said that Stonehenge’s circular erection was developed to impersonate a sound deception.
He said that if two pipers were playing the instruments in a field, the one who’s listening to music would hear a strange effect.
The stones concoct a similar impact, excluding stones, instead of contending sound waves, deterring sound, Steven stated at the meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 2012.
He further stated that the legends connected with Stonehenge mention pipers, as well. The prehistoric circles are conventionally called as piper stones. His theory is hypothetical.
However, other scientists have corroborated that Stonehenge had excellent acoustics.
A Celestial Observatory
It makes no difference when it was constructed, it might have been created keeping the sun in mind.
One path linking the gravestone with the river Aven line up with the sun on the winter solstice.
Archaeological proof discloses that pigs were butchered at Stonehenge in December and January, insinuating probable celebration or ceremonies at the monuments throughout the winter solstice.
A Place for Burial
According to the new research, it has probably been a graveyard originally for the exclusives. Skull pieces were initially disinterred from the site centuries ago.
However, archaeologist didn’t find the remains to be that important, so they decided to bury them again.
The British researchers have again exhumed the remains of more than 50,000 incinerated skull pieces from the site where they were abandoned, depicting 63 separate beings.
Read Also: Nazca Lines