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Patan Durbar Square: History, Timings, Location, photo, Entry Fees!

The heart of the ancient Patan of Nepal is Patan Durbar Square. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most visited places in the country. The square is where a few major temples, palaces, and courtyards, built in the Newari style, are located.

History of Nepal Patan Durbar Square

The history of Patan Durbar Square dates back to the 2nd century AD when the Licchavi dynasty founded the city. The square was further developed during the Malla dynasty (12th-18th centuries), the golden age of Newari culture. During this time, many important buildings were constructed in the square, including the Krishna Mandir, the Mul Chowk, and the Sundari Chowk.

Patan Durbar Square Architecture 

The architecture of Patan Durbar Square is a unique blend of Hindu and Buddhist influences. The buildings are characterized by intricate brickwork, carved wooden doors and windows, and ornate roofs. Some of the most notable buildings in the square include:

  1. Krishna Mandir: This temple is devoted to Krishna and is one of the most important temples in Patan. The temple was built in the 17th century and is known for its intricate stone carvings and three-storied roof. 
  1. Mul Chowk: The central courtyard is the core of Patan Durbar Square. It surrounds the Royal Palace, Taleju Bhawani Temple, and Vishwanath Temple. Built in the 17th century, Mul Chowk has a two-storeyed wooden façade and the nine-storied Basantapur Tower.
  1. Sundari Chowk: The second courtyard, known for its fountain and two-story wooden façade, it is situated south of the Mul Chowk. The Sundari Chowk was built in the 17th century as a venue for royal ceremonies and festivals.
  1. Vishwanath Temple: This temple is devoted to the Hindu god Shiva and is one of the oldest temples in Patan. The temple was built in the 12th century and is known for its stone carvings and three-storied roof. 

Timings of Patan Durbar Square:

  • Summer: 8:00 AM to 6:30 PM
  • Winter: 8:00 AM to 5:30 PM

Entry Fees of Patan Durbar: 

  • Nepalese Nationals: NPR 30
  • Nepali Students (upon providing ID): NPR 15
  • SAARC Nationals: NPR 250
  • Foreign Nationals (except SAARC): NPR 1000

Notes:

  • Children below ten years have free entry.
  • The tickets are valid for 24 hours, which would give you an entire day to roam around the square and see all the attractions it has to offer.
  • You can purchase tickets at the entrance gate to the square.

Festivals of Patan Durbar: 

Patan Durbar Square is the venue for many important festivals throughout the year. The most famous festival is the Rato Machhindranath Jatra, held in April or May. This festival celebrates the chariot procession of the god Rato Machhindranath, which is pulled through the streets of Patan by hundreds of people.

Other important festivals held in Patan Durbar Square include:

  • Holi: It is a festival celebrated with colors and water in the spring season.
  • Tihar: A five-day festival of lights celebrated in October or November.
  • Bisket Jatra: A New Year festival celebrated in April or May.

Tips for visitors

  • The best time to go to Patan Durbar Square is in the morning or evening when it’s not too hot. 
  • The square is very crowded, especially during festivals, so it is essential to be careful with your things. 
  • There are many restaurants and cafes located near the square where you can eat or drink.
  •  When you visit temples, wear modest clothing to show respect.

Closest Hotels to Patan Durbar Square:

  • Hotel Himalaya (300 meters)
  • Yalamul Garden (400 meters) 
  • Hotel Patan House (500 meters)
  • Basera Boutique Hotel (600 meters)
  • Hotel Subha Casa (700 meters) 
  • Heranya La:Ku (800 meters)
  • Awale House (900 meters)
  • Hotel Kutumba (1 km)
  • Baber Mahal Vilas – The Heritage Hotel (1.1 km)
  • Summit Hotel (1.2 km) 
  • Indsu Home (1.3 km)
  • Hotel Clarion (1.4 km) 
  • The Dwarika’s Hotel (1.5 km)
  • Summerhill House (1.6 km)
  • Mirage Lords Inn (1.7 km)
  • Hotel Sunset View (1.8 km)

Nearby Attractions from Patan Durbar: 

  1. Golden Temple (Hiranya Varna Mahavihar): Patan Durbar Square is about a mile from the stunning golden temple. This is a well-known sacred place for both Buddhists and Hindus. 
  1. Mahaboudha Temple: It is a temple that stands in the Banglamukhi area, right behind Patan Durbar Square. It hosts the Buddha statue that is believed to have been transported from India in the 11th century.
  1. Red Machhendranath Temple: The temple is sacred to the deity Rato Machhindranath of Patan, the guardian god. Patan Durbar Square is a short distance from the Bungamati neighborhood.
  1. Kumbeshwar Temple: This is one of the oldest temples in Patan dedicated to the god Shiva. Patan Durbar Square is located in the Kwati neighborhood, a short walk from Patan Durbar Square.
  1. Patan Museum: This museum houses a collection of artifacts from the Newari culture, including sculptures, paintings, and religious items. It is located in the Keshar Mahal, just a short walk from Patan Durbar Square. 

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