Flora and Fauna – Meaning and Importance 

In this post we would like to talk about flora and fauna. So, if you are searching for What is flora and fauna with examples, then this post finds you well. 

Flora and Fauna are the plants and animals which can be initiated inside a definite spot. Flora and Fauna these two are worthy of attention for human extant as they are answerable for the act of O2 and CO2. As well as they welfare us with a diversity of food, medicines and water. 

What is Flora and Fauna?

The flora and fauna meaning is the living character of this biosphere. The difference between flora and fauna is; flora presents to plants while fauna presents to animals. 

Flora: The inhabitants of plant existence, the natural flora adding fungi, algae and native plants in a specific geographic area is known as flora. They produce their allowed food from sunlight and offer energy for the entire ecosystem. 

Fauna: The inhabitants of animal existence in a specific area are elected for flora. It includes a huge species of animal life. The classing that added cryptofauna, bacterium and many more. 

Importance of Flora and Fauna in the Atmosphere:

Healing significance 

Flora and Fauna are medically key for us as a huge scope of medicines and natural herbs can be squeezed from them. 

Whole animals, of a specific place or natural environment, build up the fauna inhabitants that share to cause medicines and drugs to attend to human components. 

Drugs and natural herbs can be brought about from plants that help humans to stay healthy. 

Eco-friendly stability 

The flora and fauna highly donate in the direction of human life as they act in the switch of O2 and CO2 in the environment. The plants are behind causing O2 and free CO2. 

Creative Significance 

Caused by the conservation of animals and plants, the whole nature is continued and is helpful for preservation. It is an amazing traveller attraction as well as the rare varieties increase the artistic use and offer chances for amusement. 

Why has india a rich heritage of flora and fauna

As we know, India has a rich heritage of flora and fauna which is approximately to be more than 78,000 varieties of fauna and over 40,000 species of flora. The flora and fauna of India cover many species of animals and plants. 

In India, there are several States where you can see flora and fauna but Sikkim has several amazing varieties of flora and fauna. Sikkim is located in northeast India. It is a part of the great Himalaya. 

Sikkim has almost 5000 species of plants and herbs. There are several varieties of forests such as Magnolia, Blue poppies, Primulas, Gentians and many more. 

However, Mr. Joseph Hooker explored the entire Sikkim in 1848 to 1849 and 

the initial research of the flora was handle by Mr. Joseph Hooker who is an English botanist. 

Mr. Hooker issued the Rhododendrons of Sikkim in 1849, the data of his explorations in Sikkim issued as Himalayan Journals. 

Mr. Joseph Splited Sikkim into three botanical sectors:

The Tropical 

The tropical sector begins from sea level to almost 5000 feet, mainly through the banks and valleys of the rivers. 

The Temperate

It begins from 5000 ft to 13000 ft; it has oak, chestnut, maple, birch, alder, magnolia, and many more. 

The Alpine 

It begins from 13000 ft uphills, the alpine zone has juniper, cypresses and rhododendrons. 

The deep forests of Sikkim are home to several species of fauna such as Musk deer, Munjak or the Barking deer and the Himalayan Black Bear and much more. Its aerial population is over 500 species. The best research remains that 50 percent of butterflies in the Indian sub-continent are found in Sikkim. 

As we mentioned in this about Flora and Fauna, we hope this post helps you to get the right information. Thank you so much for reading this post. 

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